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In order to avert future complications with various troubles by ransomware, its better to defend by sticking to the following:

Educate:
       Business people to common men, everyone falls victims to ransomware due to their negligence. When something is to be under control, it is very important to spread awareness. Educate people by spreading knowledge about what, why, How, where sides of ransomware.

Patch:
       Update all software’s regularly on OS, network devices, mobile phones, anti-virus, anti-spyware products and other software’s on computers which avoids malicious intrusions.

Access Controls:
       Access controls of resources are to be designed in a way that no third party other than the actual could read or write files and resources. This mitigation helps to avoid infections or data breach.

Privileges:
       Applications are to be designed with privilege based access features, allowing Resources to avail with assigned access options, which may lead to serious issues if unattended. This could lead to easy privilege escalation and to misuse data. It is recommended to provide Minimal Privilege to all users.

Backup:
       A proper Backup mechanism should be made mandate and to be taken at regular intervals. Also those backups should be placed at some other location such that any infection at the working network could avoid infection to the backup system. Backups should be checked for damage to make sure and to be prepared for any critical situations.

Restoration Plans:
       Systems can be checked for restoring options that helps to get back to the previous functional state of the system. For those who cannot afford for powerful backups or those who do not trust the backups usage can opt for restoration plans.

File Recovery Software:
     Similar to system restorations, files recovery also could be considered potential. Since many encryption techniques are attached with the ransomware. This could be a real concern.

Best Practices:

•    Use Live, Active anti-virus which are regularly updated that detects and cleans malwares.
•    Organizations with RDP, VPN, proxies and servers are to be provided with better IT Security standards.
•    Standard Configurations should be done for Firewalls.
•    Understand that data synchronization and back-up are different processes. Back-up is to maintain a separate copy of your data in different hardware where as sync is to get the current stage of any application online in any other device or browser. If one synced data is corrupted the entire data in different devices is lost or made inaccessible.
•    Be cautious in clicking any hyperlink, check whether the mails are from legitimate source.
•    Use separate browser for surfing and critical works such as transactions in separate browsers
•    Bookmark every pages that are used frequently so as to avoid phished websites.
•    Enable pop-up blocker on all browsers to prevent Url redirection attacks where the page or website would contain malicious crafted contents.
•    Spam filtering of emails must be implemented
•    In-addition to links and mails, attachments from unexpected recipients can be strictly avoided, which could run or infect your system.
•    Usage of pirated software’s, downloading files from unauthorized websites should be avoided. Use legitimate software’s.